Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Maltese: Repubblika ta’ Malta), is situated in the centre of the Mediterranean, 80 km (50 mi) south of Sicily, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia and 333 km (207mi) north of Libya, with Gibraltar 1,755 km (1,091 mi) to the west and Alexandria 1,508 km (937 mi) to the east. Malta covers just over 316 sq km (122 sq mi) in land area, making it one of the world’s smallest states. Population is around 408,000 ranking the Maltese archipelago as the 7th most populated place in the world.
The capital of Malta is Valletta, will be the European Capital of Culture in 2018.
Within its compact territory Malta offers to its visitors an opportunity to experience a concentration of history, architecture and beaches which few European countries can rival. Depicted as an open air museum, Malta boasts 7,000 years of captivating history; prehistoric temples and grand palaces; three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and the oldest known human-built structure in the world.